Handicap system explained

The handicap, officially called "root premise", documents your playing strength. The handicap system allows more powerful and weaker golfers to play together. Your handicap is managed by the GOLF Club GOMARLUB.

The so-called handicap is used to calculate the handicap. Root preset that is accurately calculated on a comma. The handicap is then determined by the rounded root specification. Thus, a player with a root target of -28.4 has HCP -28, while a player with a root target of -28.5 already has a handicap of -29.

Your default changes the better you play. The HCP quantifies the number of strokes that the player should be above par after 18 holes, i.e. as many punches as he should need more than the par of the place. With a course standard of 72 and a handicap of -18, a player may therefore
Blows need to confirm his handicap. It is assumed to be an average heavy place.

However, in order to meet the different level of difficulty of the different places, the HCP is adjusted for each place: on difficult places the HCP is increased and reduced accordingly on lighter places. This required a complete reassessment of all golf courses.

The handicap was therefore divided into an Exact Handicap and a Playing Handicap:

  • Exact handicap (root preset), the Exact-Hcp is calculated exactly on a comma

  • Playing handicap or adapted HCP, i.e. predetermined strokes taking into account the difficulty of the place

The former course standard (SSS) is replaced by the "Course Rating" (CR) (a metric in which criteria such as fairway condition, height difference, bunkers, water hazards, trees, green ery depends on the season, etc. incorporate).

The result of the respective evaluation of a golf course is expressed in the so-called "slope value". This value indicates the ratio of a player's handicap to be adjusted to accommodate the various difficulties of the course.

It can range from 55 to 155. A slope value of 155 describes a particularly difficult place, the average value of a place is 113.

If you talk about the handicap in general, you mean the official Exact-Hcp. This (neutral) Hcp is determined for a theoretical, absolute average place whose slope is 113 and where par and course ratings have the same value and serves as a reference value.

The Playing-Hcp is calculated according to the following formula:

Playing-Hcp = Exact-Hcp x (SR/113) + (CR – Par)

The calculated Playing-Hcp is then rounded up or rounded up (rounded up from 0.5).

Example 1

A player with Exakt-Hcp – 12.0 plays on a difficult course with Slope 121 and also from the rear tees where the course rating is 73. The par is 72.

Playing-Hcp = Exact-Hcp x (SR/113) + (CR – Par)

12.0 x (121/113) + (73 – 72) = 13.9 = 14

If he now goes to a lighter place with Slope 105 and plays from the front tees where the course rating is 70 at par 71, the following Playing-HCP results.

12.0 x (105/113) + (70 – 71) = 10.2 = 10

Example 2

A player with Exakt-Hcp – 13.4 has won the default on two places course A with Slope 121 and course B with Slope 120. This results in the following slope to convert:

(121+120) : 2 = 120.5 follows a slope of 121

The game default for place X on which he now wants to play would be:

Playing-Hcp = Exact-Hcp x (SR/113) + (CR – Par)

white haircuts: 13.4 x (121/113) + (73.9 + 72) = 16.3 = 16

yellow haircuts: 13.4 x (121/113) + (72.3 + 72) = 14.7 = 15

Conclusion: The player receives a different playing-hcp on each course and depending on which tees he plays, but he has only one Exact-Hcp.

Club target

In addition to the official handicap, there is also the so-called club specification in Germany, which ranges from HCP -37 to HCP -54.

It serves to slowly introduce golfers in Germany to the default system.

In most cases, special golfers in so-called "Rabbit Tournaments" can improve their club requirements until they have their first "official" handicap (-36 or better).

HCP -54 is synonymous with reaching the space maturity.

HCP -45 is synonymous with tournament maturity and entitles you to participate in tournaments in the default class 5. For the tournament calculation you will be ranked like a player with HCP -36.

You can't get worse with a club. On the other hand, you improve quite quickly with a club requirement, because every shot you play better brings an improvement by 1 point.

Players with club specifications can downplay themselves not only in competitive games, but also in private rounds. However, the condition for this is that the counter is not a family member and has a handicap of -28 or better. A private round must normally be registered before the start of the game in the secretariat of the golf club.

Calculate game preset

From the handicap, also called the regular specification in Germany, the so-called game specification is calculated before a competition.

This differs from the root specification in that it additionally takes into account the difficulty of the space to be played (slope value). This means that it can be higher, lower, or (for an average heavy space, a value of 113) the same as the root default. On heavy courts you will play with a higher, on light places with a lower specification. Underplay and overplay then refer to this game specification.

From this game specification results a number of so-called default strokes, which the player is allowed to deduct from the actual number of strokes played in a round. This calculated result, taking into account the default strokes, is called net result and is comparable between golfers of different playing strengths.

The game specification is calculated as follows:

Root default x (Sloperating/113)— CR value + Par = Game preset

Note: When applying the formula, a root preset in the "plus" area must be marked with a "+", all other root specifications must be labeled with an "–".


A player's root target is -11.8. He plays the 18 holes of a course from the yellow tees.

18 holes
Course rating 72,4
Slope Rating 128
Par 72
Preset strokes 5

The number of preset strokes is now:

-11.8 x (128 / 113) – 72.4 + 72 = 13.7 => rounded up 14 preset strokes

Modification of the default by means of results that are effective for the default

Results are only valid by default and are used to manage the requirements if the following conditions are met:

  • The result was achieved in a set round of 18 holes, which was played according to golf rules and under conditions.
  • For players with a preset of the default classes 4 and 5, this result can also be achieved over nine holes (in competitions over nine holes, 18 additional Stableford net points are always added to the result obtained).
  • The game form is single counting game, stableford or against par with full game specification. The result is converted into Stableford net points.
  • An Extra Day Score (EDS) is a Stableford net result that has been achieved under preset conditions over 18 holes and not in a pre-judgely effective betting game.

Members of Gomar Golf Club can score extra day scores on golf courses if they allow.

In the case of players with a regular requirement in the default class 3 or 4, only as many Extra Day Scores may be submitted as "effective" and taken into account, as valid lygame results have been obtained and have already been taken into account in the target management.

This is measured by the number of betting results for the respective calendar year.

An Extra Day Score is only valid if the player has registered with the club for the Extra Day Score before the start of the round. The application must take into account the following details, which must be recorded by the GOMARCLUB member:

(a) the date of the round;
(b) the name of the player;
(c) the name and specification of the numerator;
(d) The name of the counting game tees from which the game is played.

Counter of a player submitting an Extra Day Score can only be one person with a root default of 28.0 or better.

Preset class Root specifications Stableford Net Points (buffer zone rated) Stableford Net Points Reduction multiplier
18 holes 9 holes
1 up to 4.4 35 to 36 0,1 0,1
2 4.5 to 11.4 35 to 36 0,1 0,1
3 11.5 to 18.4 33 to 36 0,1 0,3
4 18.5 to 26.4 32 to 36 34 to 36 0,1 0,4
5 26.5 to 36.0 31 to 36 33 to 36 0,1 0,5

Root specifications or Club preferences will be changed as indicated below.

Example 1

If a player with a root target of 11.2 submits a Stableford net score of 32 points, his regular target is 11.3. If he then returns a Stableford net result of 42 points, his default is reduced by 6 x 0.2 = 1.2, d. (h). to a root target of 10.1.

If a player's root requirement decreases from a higher preset class to a lower preset class, the reduction multiplier of the previous preset class is only applied until a root default of the next lower target class has been reached. The remaining Stableford net points are then offset against the lowering multiplier of the lower target class.

Example 2

If a player with a root target of 19.1 submits a Stablefordnet score of 42 points, his root target is reduced as follows:
19.1 – (2 x 0.4) = 19.1 – 0.8 = 18.3
18.3 – (4 x 0.3) = 18.3 – 1.2 = 17.1 (new root specification)

The handicap in tournaments

If the result of a tournament is scored without taking handicaps into account, it is called a gross rating.

If the handicap is taken into account, it is called a net rating.

Professionals always play gross (Hcp 0), in most amateur tournaments gross and net prizes are played and accordingly several ratings are made.

The gross winner will be the player who needs the absolute least strokes in a tournament. Net winner will be the one whose result is best, taking into account his/her game specification.


Pure counting game: Player A with game specification 4 requires 76 strokes, player B with game specification 20 requires 90 strokes.

Player A becomes a gross winner because 76 is the lowest number of strokes.

Player B becomes a net winner because, after deducting his game specification, he only needed 70 strokes (90-20=70), whereas at A this is 72 strokes (76-4=72).

In the hole game, the handicap is applied in such a way that the opponents' playing preferences are compared and the weaker player may need the resulting difference of strokes more. Since the result of a hole game is determined per hole played, these default strokes are
distributed on the holes of the course according to difficulty.


Player A has game specification 4, player B has game specification 28, therefore receives 24 strokes before.

B may then need 2 strokes more than A on the 6 heaviest holes, one stroke more on all other holes.

For example, if B plays a 5 at the heaviest hole and A a 4, B has won the hole. With the same results on the lightest hole, both would have divided the hole, so played "undecided".

Target effective 9 – Hole betting rules are usually only tournaments over one or more full rounds of 18 holes.

From the 2006 season, however, there is the possibility to play "pre-existing nine-hole rounds". Increasing general time constraints and the desire of golfers to play more often are the reasons for this project.

Members of the default classes 5 (from root default 26.5) can now improve their handicap over 9 holes.


  • The unplayed "second 9-hole round" is rated with 18 Stableford points.
  • The clubs decide freely on the implementation of pre-specified 9-hole tournaments
  • EDS rounds will continue to be played over 18 holes

Extra Day Score (EDS) – Handicap Card

You can use your handicap not only in competitive games that are effective for specifications, but also in certain private rounds that are effective for the requirements, the so-called Extra Day Scores (EDS).

An Extra Day Score is a handicap card (Stableford) that is played outside of a tournament but under Hcp conditions (tee markers).

Extra Day Scores can only be played by players in handicap categories 4 – 5 (the player may have a maximum of the regular requirement -18.4 (or worse).

HCP Category Exact HCP Buffer Zone Per score under
the buffer zone
Per blow over
36 pts.
1 -4.4 35 – 36 0.1 0.1
2 4.5 – 11.4 34 – 36 0.1 0.2
3 11.5 – 18.4 33 – 36 0.1 0.3
4 18.5 – 26.4 32 – 36 0.1 0.4
5 26.5 – 36.0 31 – 36 0.2 0.5


  • Extra Day Scores (18-hole round) can be played on an external course.

  • The scorecard must be registered with the secretariat of the respective club before the round (note: EDS).

  • The card must contain the following information:

    • Date
    • Player's name
    • Marker name
    • Exact + Playing HCP
  • The correctly completed scorecard must be submitted and stamped in the secretariat immediately after the round in order to record the results. Non-submitted cards are considered "No Return". Please ensure that the result will be transmitted to the Marbella Golf Club. You are not entitled to submit the score card of your EDS round with us. However, please send us a copy of the stamped card as a precaution.

  • The marker must be at least. Hcp 28.0 and must not be a family member.

  • Only one card per season can be written with the same marker.

  • The place managers can make restrictions regarding the EDS if the conditions for a "qualifying score" are not met (winter greens, discounts offset, etc.).